First Railway Directive
The First Railway Directive 91/440/EC (with amendments, also called the “First Railway Package”) is European Union Directive that sets out an EU law framework and requirements for railways in the EU to allow open access operations on railway lines by companies other than those that own the rail infrastructure. The legislation was further extended by further directives to include cross border transit of freight.
The subsequent directives 2001/12/EC, 2001/13/EC and 2001/14/EC which built upon the initial legislation are collectively known as the First Railway Package. In September 2010 the process of merging the directives into a single piece of legislation was begun; with the addition of modifications to strengthen the regulatory framework. The Second Railway Package and the Third Railway Package aimed to push integration further.